Andong is a city that cannot be separated from hanok. There are buildings and apartments in the city, but small towns outside the city still have a Seodang(private village schools providing elementary education during the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties of Korea) one by one.
The walk by the riverside is filled with a taste of arts and the aroma of coffee comes from the renovated hanok old house.
Elegant and new way to enjoy the antique
Life still continues under the thatched roof in Hahoe Village, and travelers sleep in their lodgings that have renovated their old houses. Instead of being stuffed into history books with faded lights, Andong’s hanok breathes with the sensibility of the city and reveals amazing insights of our old architecture
Byeongsan Seowon, one of the greatest works of architecture during the Joseon Dynasty, is also located in Andong. Byeongsan Seowon, located between the white sand fields of the Nakdong River and Hahoe Village, is a seowon that serves Seoae-Ryu Seong-ryong. Modern architects in Korea also admire its beauty, but the outsider’s eyes wander into space, not knowing where to see and what to see.
How do you know the charm of hanok if you take a short break without knowing the owner’s point of view? You can’t tell the beauty of hanok when you look inside from outside. Here, there are things that visitors should see from the homeowner’s seat.
I’m used to the way Western architecture delivers messages in the form of buildings. I never thought about the scenery of Hanok from the user’s point of view. In other words, we had read the hanok upside down so far.
Indeed, the view of the river and the mountain from the owner’s seat was amazing. The soft ridges of Byeongsan mountain and the ridge of the tiled roof flow together like two layers of waves. The vertical column of the pavilion is locked in pieces like a frame of width with a green river far away.
“From a tourist`s point of view, it`s just a tile-roofed house everywhere. But since there is no same land across the country, all hanoks are different.”
The scenery of landscapes embraced by the Seowon(Korean Neo-Confucian Academies). It is a pity that i only know that joy, so i move this story to here.
The joy of Andong travel will deepen as soon as you enjoy Andong’s ancient architecture from the owner’s point of view.
The charm of hanok lies not in seeing from ‘there’, but looking ‘there’ out of the house. It is to pick out a site according to the scenery. Byeongsan is named because the mountain, which can be seen beyond Nakdonggang river, looks like a folding screen.
There are some profound meanings behind Seowon’s name, but there are many places where the name is communicated through a very simple and easy name. The names of Dosan Seowon and Byeongsan Seowon were all taken from the nearby mountains. To take the area in accordance with the geographical names.
Then how should we take that mountain? We take all the mountains in the architectural space, and we can take only the parts we like.
Hanok’s architecture itself is the framework of the landscape. In addition to the meaning of “borrowing the landscape” it is called “cha-kyung.”
The way people choose which landscape they take is the value of the people who live in the house.
The Cha-kyung exists for the person who looks at it. After all, when you think of hanok, it is important to set up who is the owner of the eyes. The main character of Seowon is a teacher who teaches and gather students.
Another place to look out for at Byungsan Seowon is Mandaeru. Mandaeru is a place of banquets. It is a place to held a celebration and put a book. There is an attractive story hidden in Mandaeru.
Man, which means ‘late’, Dae, which means ‘look at’. Mandaru is, as its name suggests, a great place to visit late. But when is ‘late time’?
Doesn’t it depend on people, emotions and moods? In front of the name of Mandaeru, the time and space of architecture is very relative and colorful. For now, let’s talk about “late time” Mandaeru after the night came.
Under the bright full moon, people drinks alcohol and discusses poetry on the upper floor. That’s when Byeongsan Seowon becomes the most beautiful.
Visiting this place in the middle of the day does not mean that the aesthetic value of the pavilion is not seen.
The staircase that leads up to the Numaru(Upper floor) is superb, and the style of the pillars that just cut out from the side of the natural tree is amazing.
Thanks to these factors, Mandaeru is more comfortable than any other building in Seowon.
Neo-Confucianism was the study of the nature and reason of the world. Old Confucian scholars understood the world ideologically and abstractly. One of the things they studied to realize this was nature.
They have studied nature over and over again for thousands of years and tens of thousands of years. It is to feel the ideal value through a plum tree and to discover the world from one outstanding stone.
As a space of learning, you can find that attitude in Seowon.
I feel that ‘Byeongsan Seowon has 10,000 landscapes’. Spring, summer, fall, winter and morning, lunch and dinner.
Byeongsan Seowon’s beautiful ‘Byeongpung(folding screen)’ varies depending on the season and time. The charm of Hanok is such this kaleidoscope.
Place To Visit
How to experience the village and old house in Andong that tells the value of hanok
1. Dosanseowon Confucian Academy
[UNESCO World Heritage]
Dosan Seowon is a space where much regret remains. In the late ’60s, a major renovation resulted in a change of access roads, which broke down the taste of the Dosan Seowon access road and the organic connection between buildings.
Dosan Seowon is probably the most well-known name of Andong’s attractions. The fame comes from the presence of Toegye Yi Hwang, the representative Confucian scholar of Joseon.
The current Dosan Seowon is divided into the Seodang area where Toegye taught the disciples, and the Dosan Seowon area, which was built to commemorate the study and virtues of the teacher.
Seodang is frugal and quiet, as if reflecting the character of Toegye, while Seowon is solemn in appearance, trying to persuade the authority of the great scholar.
The original value of hanok, which values its relationship with nature, has become more difficult to see, but the unit building of Dosan Seowon is still worth looking at.
The symbolism and abstinence aesthetics of the trees in Seowon illustrate the connotative philosophy of Confucianism.
N/A (Open all year round)
2. Hahoe Village
Hahoe Village, Pungsan Ryu’s village, was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2010. The village is located on a terrain where the Nakdong River is surrounded by mountains in a large circle.
People are still living in traditional houses, ranging from the great house to the thatched houses where the tenants used to live. Rather than studying history, let’s take a walk slowly enjoying the beautiful terrain of the village and the traces of life.
If you visit during the free time of the weekday, it is fun to spend time relaxing to walk alleys along the mud walls. Above all, let’s not forget to stop off the main road of the village and stop in the Mansongjeong Forest.
N/A (Open all year round)
3. Manhyujung Pavilion
The pavilion where Bobaekdang(pen name) Kim Gye-haeng returned to Muukgye and enjoyed his later years reading and meditating along with the beautiful forest surrounding the pavilion.
The pavilion is surrounded by an endless array of foundation rocks, gorgeous Songam Falls, falling between odd-shaped cliffs, and elegant pine trees. Matching perfectly with nature, the pavilion illustrates our ancestors’ desire to make a harmonious life with nature.