Gyeongsang-do Area

Andong: Preparation of the trip

Andong: Preparation of the trip, From history to geography and culture, stories that make Andong travel deeper and richer.

Andong: Preparation of the trip
Andong: Preparation of the trip

From history to geography and culture, to advice from travelers who have already visited, stories that make Andong travel deeper and richer.

Andong is a well-known and beautiful place for the flow of the Nakdonggang River. The landscape of cliff, which is layered on the white sand beach, is similar to a landscape painting.

In front of the old houses that have lived for hundreds of years, There were no ‘past ages’ and there was a life of people who were always saving old houses. Above all, I liked the air in the downtown area, which felt strangely relaxed.

I wonder where this relaxing rhythm comes from. Is it because of the long-standing pride that it was the ideological source of the country? Is this the atmosphere unique to a local town that is moderately spacious and abundant?

Andong’s biggest attraction was the silent and stubborn attitude of the whole city. The desire to live naturally as I believe is right. The servant of the family clan who lived with great responsibility, The artist who chose life as Hahoe mask craftsman, The same was true of a young man seeking a new way of life in the city center.

In Andong’s people, Andong’s alleys, and Andong’s nature, there was a comfort and a deep dignity instead of the loudness of showing off.

Andong’s History

Prehistoric times

The prehistoric age in Andong dates from the Paleolithic Age. The relics of the late Paleolithic Age, such as daggers and body stones excavated from the Paleolithic site in Maeari, Pungsan-eup, show that people lived in Andong from the Paleolithic era.

During the Bronze Age and the early Iron Age, many people lived in Andong. In particular, the jeojeon-ri Bronze Age reservoir is indispensable in the development of irrigation and rice farming in Korea.

Andong: Preparation of the trip
Andong: Preparation of the trip

Ancient times

In the first half of the third century, Andong was named Gotaya-gun because it was incorporated into Silla. It became a major hub in northern Silla and the king visited the area.

Cultural relics representing the Andong region from the Three Kingdoms Period to the North South States Period are related to Buddhism and ancient tombs. Buddha statues and pagoda are scattered around Andong area, especially the concentrated Brick Pagoda is distinct from other areas.

Andong: Preparation of the trip
Andong: Preparation of the trip

Goryeo Dynasty Period

Andong was a region that actively cooperated with the Goryeo Dynasty and was loyal to it. When Taejo Wang Geon fought for supremacy with Gyeonhwon in Andong, Wang Geon won with the help of the Andong people and gained his current name.

In relation to national history, the Hojok(powerful local family) culture was formed, with Kim, Kwon and Jang at the center. The presence of King Chungryeol and King Gongmin in Andong during the late Goryeo Dynasty further enhanced the status of the region.

King Chungnyeol stayed in Andong when the Goryeo Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty joined forces and conquered Japan, while King Gongmin defeated Hong Gun-jeung(Red Turban) in Andong when Hong Gun-jeung invaded.

Around this time, the upper-class culture of Goryeo Dynasty flowed into Andong to form a flow of culture, and Andong’s people became more active in entering central politics after King Gongmin.

Many outsiders have been involved in the marriage with Andong’s Hojok, and they have formed an academic soil centered on doctrines of Chutzu.

The Goryeo Dynasty left Buddhist-related cultural relics in Andong. The stone Buddha statue in Ichon-dong, Andong, famous for its large-scale rock cliff Buddha, tells us that a large Buddhist group was in Andong. designated as National Treasure No. 15 in Bongjeongsa Temple, the site is famous for its oldest wooden structure in Korea.

Andong: Preparation of the trip
Andong: Preparation of the trip

Joseon Dynasty period

With Toegye Yi Hwang, Andong has become the home of men. Toegye systemized the Confucianism and raised the largest number of disciples in Korean history.

Many villages were formed according to Confucian ideology, and many outstanding figures were produced around the village, leaving numerous books of thought in history. Confucian rituals began to be elaborated with the development of the Confucianism to establish the Neo-Confucianism order, and even now its history remains throughout Andong with the head family and seowon(Korean Neo-Confucian Academies), the chamber of the temple and the pavilion.

Throughout the Joseon Dynasty, Andong had the second highest number of past examination test passers after Seoul. Andong was also a prominent aristocratic society throughout the country, but it was said that there had never been an uprising by smoothly controlling the working class.

The fact that Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori(mask dance) was accepted generously by the aristocracy and Seonbi(classical scholar) even if they were cartooning and satirizing them is also evidence. Yangban’s Confucian culture and the folk culture of the people were well-coexisted, and the place continues to be.

Andong’s Geography

Andong: Preparation of the trip
Andong: Preparation of the trip


Andong is slightly north of the center of Gyeongsangbuk-do, but it is considered the most important area in the region. Not only because it is located in the center, but also because most road networks in North Gyeongsangbuk-do meet in Andong with radiation.

Since ancient times, the inns of officials have been located. To the east it meets Youngyang, Cheongsong, and Yecheon on the west border, Uiseong on the south, Yeongju, Bonghwa on the north.

hahoe village
hahoe village

Mountainous region

Andong is an area surrounded by mountains. It borders the Taebaek Mountains in the east and northeast, and is located at the point where Taebaek and Sobaek are divided in the north. The Taebaek Mountains cross the eastern and western parts of Andong, with relatively rugged mountain ranges to the east and north, and relatively flat terrain to the west and south. Here’s why small mountains spread out in Andong, while plains are rare.

Most of the mountain areas are located in low-lying areas that do not exceed 500 meters in elevation. There is no mountain over 900 meters in Andong. Hwanghaksan Mountain, Yeonjoksan Mountain and Gala Mountain are located around 7~800 meters above sea level, while Cheondeungsan Mountain in the west and Bongsusan Mountain are small mountains of less than 500 meters.

600-year-old zelkova tree is the highest center in the village.
600-year-old zelkova tree is the highest center in the village.

Geography leads to life

The Nakdong River rejoins Song Ya-chun after exiting Andong. The total length of the stream passing through Andong is 516 kilometers. Although this is a region where rivers are developed, plains are rarely found in Andong.

It is all about Pungsan Plain in the Nakdong River basin.

Large-scale residential areas could not be developed in Andong. Small towns were built in the middle of the river, or small farming areas along the river, and for hundreds of years, forming their respective traditions without major changes.

The characteristics of the terrain are bound to lead to the spirit of the city. The conservatism, which values numerous villages and traditions in Andong, is inseparable from the land where mountains and rivers form.

dosan seowon
dosan seowon


Looking at the weather in Andong over the past decade, there are 130 clear days. Compared with other areas, it has a lot of rain, snow and clear days, making it a good place for people to act

Andong has a continental climate with a great difference in cold and heat. It is because it is a basin surrounded by mountains, but there are many stories that the Andong and Imha dams became more severe after the construction.

It can be assumed that the construction of the dam has influenced not only the climate but also the daily lives of the residents.

Rain falls intensively in the summer months of June, July, and August, with northwest winds from October to March and southeast winds from April to September.

Andong’s Culture


Among the nationally designated cultural assets owned by Andong City, the old buildings are unparalleled. This is supported by the fact that one-third of the nation’s ancient cultural assets are concentrated in northern North Gyeongsang Province, and two-thirds of them are distributed in Andong.

Like Bongjeongsa Temple, there are many different types of temples, various seowons, easily visible head house and pavilion in a lineage village, There are many varieties, ranging from traditional tile houses in Andong, to magpie holes house and mud walls house.

It is also noteworthy that these ancient buildings retain relatively intact old images. This indicates that the original function of the building is still maintained.

Why are these living ancient buildings scattered in Andong?

This can be attributed to the strong Confucian culture, the development of Neo-Confucianism and the production of many figures in Andong compared to other.

The reason why Andong could be a treasure house of ancient buildings is because there are many Lineage Village villages that have been formed since the middle of Joseon Dynasty.


The traditional festival in Andong was held around the Lunar New Year. At the beginning of the festival, the community space turned into an unusual space that was distinct from everyday life and finally completed its non-unusuality at the ancestral rites and Daedongnori.

Talnori, which used to be the central accompaniment of Hahoe Byeolsingut, is a representative example. Talnori, which has been handed over since the Goryeo Dynasty, has been meaning differently depending on the historical development of Hahoe Village.

By the late Joseon Dynasty, when Poongsan Ryu took control of the village, the content of Talnori had led to an acute form of conflict between aristocrats and merchants, men and women, monks and servants. It has become a kind of game that represents the position of the lower class and symbolizes liberation.

Another festival seonyu that came down to Hahoe Village had a different context. The game, which was regularly played in July every year, is the essence of yangban’s culture, with dignity and charm. Fireworks, boating, egg fire, and shipboard poetry mingled in colour, Even today, you can imagine the customs of Andong’s.

Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori(Pyolshingut Mask Dance)
Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori(Pyolshingut Mask Dance)

Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori(Byolshingut Mask Dance)

Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori, designated as Important Intangible Cultural Property No. 69, has cultural historical significance in that it forms the precursor to Byeolsingut in rural areas, while the Hahoe mask dance, which is part of it, has become a valuable resource in examining the development of the theater history in that it is the most solid of Korean folk plays.

Hahoe masks used here are world-wide masks whose artistic values ​​are widely recognized as national treasures.

The festival-style Daedong Gut Nori is remarkable as it continues the velocities of the National Contest that have been handed down since the time of the ancient times.

And the fact that it dramatizes the growing popular consciousness of satirizing the ruling powers of the time, including Yangban and Seonbi as well as monks, provides a way to understand the social history of the time from the perspective of the people’s.

Andong Travel Tip

Hot springs in Andong
Hot springs in Andong

Hot springs in Andong

It’s a tip from the locals. ‘Andong is a good place for water so take a bath. In Andong, the upper part of the Nakdong River, every neighborhood is full of baths.’

There is also a large-scale spa Hakgasan Hot Spring, which rises from a 700m underground rock formation and maintains a temperature of 26.4 to 27.4 degrees Celsius for 365 days a year, has an outdoor bath and is well maintained.

 Steamed Chicken
Steamed Chicken (JJimdak)

Recommended Steamed Chicken for Delivery

Andong delivery food satisfies even the fussy gourmet. Because Andongers are a gourmet by birth. Almost all restaurants use raw meat, not frozen meat, and fresh ingredients and vegetables grown from good water in the upper Nakdonggang River make the food taste good.

This is why even ordinary neighborhood restaurants, even if they are not famous for tourist attractions, have a high level of delivery food due to their skills. In particular, the delivery food is about 1.5 times larger than Seoul’s.

If Andong is bigger than you thought, you will find something to write on this tip so that you won’t go to bed late at night by catching a distant lodging place in the city.

andong soju
Andong soju

Drinkers, come to Andong

Andong Soju is usually 45 degrees, but nowadays a lot of low-alcohol liquor comes out. Andong Soju is different from diluted sweetened synthetic additive soju.

Diluted with water only in traditional grain liquor, the aftertaste is refreshing and the head does not hurt.

The luxurious and clean taste and sake lovers also praise Andong Soju.

Discover Andong Soju’s charm that satisfies both price and taste. Notice the alcohol display at Farmer’s Market. From alcoholic drinks to gifts, which cost less than 10,000 won, it is the best souvenir.

wolyeonggyo Bridge
wolyeonggyo Bridge

The best Time to visit

There is no special season for visitors to Andong. As always, travel just needs a small reason, and the seasons don’t matter. Nevertheless, there is only one reason to recommend the Andong International Mask Dance Festival, which is held every fall from late September to early October.

Sun Yu Julbul Nori(Sunyu Line Fire), The event, which runs Saturday from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. in front of Mansongjeong forest in Hahoe Village during the Andong International Mask Dance Festival, is a yangban play that dates back 600 years. I don’t envy any European aristocratic play culture in the movie.

Slowly burning embers join fireflies for an hour, this is a brilliant orchestra of light. In short, there is no such great spectacle. It’s an event I only want to know.

In autumn, the autumn leaves of Dosan Seowon and Wollyeong Bridge are also beautiful. The cherry blossoms in Andong are spectacular, and the Nakdong Riverside Drive Course is also a good reason to travel in the spring.

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