Seoul Capital Area

Ganghwa Dolmen Site: UNESCO World Heritage

Ganghwado Island is a very important historical site in our history. About 120 of the dolmen built during the Bronze Age remain in Ganghwado Island.

Ganghwa Dolmen Site: UNESCO World Heritage
Ganghwa Dolmen Site: UNESCO World Heritage

The Ganghwa Dolmen site was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage in Nov. 29th, 2000 along with Gochang Dolmen and Hwasun Dolmen sites.

Ganghwa Island, which stands at the center of history

Ganghwa Dolmen
Ganghwa Dolmen

The Ganghwa Dolmen site was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage in Nov. 29th, 2000 along with Gochang Dolmen and Hwasun Dolmen sites. You may enjoy the best view of this historic site around sunset.

Ganghwado Island is a very important historical site in our history.

It is a place where traces of the ancient Korean Peninsula remain, including the Samrangseong Fortress and dolmen ruins, which were built by Dangun’s three sons, centering around the Chamseongdan Shrine, where Dangun Wanggeom(legendary founding father of Gojoseon) offered sacrifices to the god.

In addition, Ganghwado Island has been the main stage of our history, including Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla, Goryeo, Joseon, and Republic of Korea. It’s a historical site of all the time.

About 120 of the dolmen built during the Bronze Age remain in Ganghwado Island. It must have been much more in the past. There is a big difference in geography.

The dolmen in Gocheon-ri and Gyosan-ri are located in steep hillsides and mountains, while dolmen in nearby areas, Samgeori and Osang-ri are built on a flat surface. This suggests that the timing and living standards were different.

Dolmen with a manly figure.

 manly figure dolmen
manly figure dolmen

Ganghwado Island’s representative dolmen are in buguen area. It is known as “Ganghwa Jiseokmyo,” a large, handsome dolmen representing Korea’s dolmen.

It is a table-style dolmens with two 2.6-meter-high stones supporting a giant covering stone 7.1 meters long and 5.6 meters wide.

It’s not yet clear exactly what the dolmen looked like or what it was used for. Some claim it was a tomb of a powerful tribal chief, and others claim it was not a tomb, but an altar where rituals were held.

dolmen sites
dolmen sites

Ganghwado Island has several dolmen sites that have unique characteristics. One of them is in the Osang-ri area. Twelve dolmen are gathered in the Osang-ri area under Nakjo Peak, west of Koryo Mountain.

The dolmens in the Osang-ri area, where typical table-style dolmens are gathered. It’s like a miniature of a nearby dolmen.

In dolmen, daily objects such as stone knives, stone arrowheads, and plain pottery were also found. And the surrounding dolmens, which vary in size and shape, are assumed to be tombs of different classes.

korean dolmen
dolmen

Current Status
Historical Site No.137

Closed
N/A (Open 365 days a year)

Parking Facilities
1,500 spaces

Admission Fees
Free

Facilities for the Handicapped
Restrooms

Restrooms
Available


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