Seoul Capital Area

Hwaseong Fortress: UNESCO World Heritage

Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon was built in the late Joseon Dynasty. It is a fortress city built by reform-minded rulers, Jeongjo, and real scholars, and is considered the highlight of civil architecture in the late Joseon Dynasty.

Hwaseong Fortress: UNESCO World Heritage
Hwaseong Fortress: UNESCO World Heritage

Hwaseong Fortress has both military and commercial functions, and is the most scientific, reasonable and practical structure of the Eastern fortress.

The highlight of civil architecture in the late Joseon Dynasty

Hwaseong Fortress
Hwaseong Fortress

Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon was built in the late Joseon Dynasty. It is a fortress city built by reform-minded rulers, Jeongjo, and real scholars, and is considered the highlight of civil architecture in the late Joseon Dynasty.

Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon was built not only to reflect our ancestors’ outstanding views of nature and governing ideology, but also to think about its artistry, science and economy. Not only did we use the natural environment properly, but we did it with minimal effort, with new technologies and equipment, from design to construction.

Suwon Hwaseong is also very artistic. The magnificent buildings of the gates, the Bastion, and the Gongsimdon are incredibly beautiful that can’t believe they are military installations.

 Hwaseong pond
Hwaseong pond

The characteristics of Suwon Hwaseong Fortress are the encounters of Eastern and Western architecture. Hwaseong was built in the architecture of the East, but it was completed using Western construction methods and construction equipment. It’s also a proud that we have a book, contain chronicles the entire process of building Mars.

From design to persons and equipment to the minor details of the construction process, all recorded in the book, “Hwaseong songyouk eugye” Thanks to such a thorough record, we were able to completely restore Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, which was later destroyed by the war.

New-concept city: Hwaseong Fortress

New-concept city: Hwaseong Fortress
New-concept city: Hwaseong Fortress

Until Hwaseong Fortress was built, the fortress was divided into town fortress built in the village and mountain fortresses built for war so that people could live safely. 

People lived in the town fortress and when the enemy invaded, they gave up their place of life and moved to the mountain fortress to fight the enemy.

But Hwaseong was a fortress city with both town fortress and mountian fortresses. In other words, it was a living space and a war against the enemy. 

It was a new concept of a planned city combining our traditional fortress with the Western concept of a city.

New concept of fortress
New concept of fortress

It is a city where people’s lives are as important as military functions. Considering that Hwaseong is located between Hanyang, Chungcheong, Jeolla and Gyeongsang provinces, the new road has been built for merchants from all over the country.

They also protected small merchants from trading large amounts of goods and lent money to poor merchants at no interest. There were a number of policies that enabled business, and that allowed the economy to develop on Hwaseong.

Recommended Exploration Course: Hwaseong Fortress as You Can See by walk

Hwaseong Fortress
Hwaseong Fortress

To take a good look at Hwaseong Fortress, there is no other way than to walk along the fortress. 

Although there is a saying that ‘You can see as much as you know’, Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon is a historical site that can be seen as much as walking.

First, you can see the whole picture of Hwaseong Fortress at a glance at the top of Mt. Paldal Seonodae. That way, we can see how well Mars has been built. 

Standing at the highest point on Hwaseong, Seno Dae, you can see four large gates, four major military installations, as well as Hwaseong Haenggung and the area where people lived, from the wall built at different heights according to the height of the terrain.

Janganmun Gate
Janganmun Gate

And wander through along the northeastern fortress. Hwaseong’ iconic landmarks, the Janganmun Gate and Gongsimdon, the beautiful Hwahongmun Gate and the Northeast Corridor, Dongammun Gate, and Bongdon are all gathered in the area.

So when you’re physically fit, you’d better take a look around these places first, and then slowly look around the rest of the it. And Comfortable shoes, guided maps of Hwaseong, water and simple food will make it more enjoyable.

UNESCO World Heritage
UNESCO World Heritage

Current Status 
Historic Site No. 3 (Designated on January 21, 1963)

N/A (Open all year round)

Operating Hours 
March-October 09:00-18:00
November-February 09:00-17:00

Parking Facilities 
Available (Hwaseong Haeunggung, Yeonmudae, Changnyongmun Gate)

Admission Fees 
[Suwon Hwaseong Admission]
Individuals: Adults 1,000 won / Teenagers 700 won / Children 500 won
Groups: Adults 700 won / Teenager 500 won / Children 300 won

[Hwaseong Haenggung Palace] 
Individuals: Adults 1,500 won / Teenagers 1,000 won / Children 700 won
Groups: Adults 1,200 won / Teenagers 800 won / Children 500 won

[Integrated ticket: Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, Hwaseong Haenggung Palace, Suwon Museum, Suwon Hwaseong Museum]
Individuals: Adults 3,500 won / Teenagers 2,000 won / Children 800 won
Groups: Adults 2,000 won / Teenagers 1,200 won / Children 600 won
* Combination ticket is not available on the first Monday of every month due to the closing of museums.

* Groups are for 20 people or more. 
* Admission to Suwon Hwaseong Fortress and Hwaseong Haenggung Palace is free of charge to visitors wearing hanbok (includes casual hanbok).
* Residents of Suwon can receive free admission to Suwon Hwaseong (must show valid ID).
* Free admission on the last Wednesday of each month (Culture day). 
* Free admission for children age 6 and under, seniors age 65 and older.

Parking Fees 
Small & Mid-sized vehicles 2,000 won for the first 3 hours / 10,000 won for one-day 
Large vehicles 4,000 won for the first 3 hours / 15,000 won for one-day


Facilities for the Handicapped 
Wheelchair rental (Hwaseong Haenggung Palace), designated parking, designated restrooms

Not permitted

Download Hwaseong Fortress info & Maps
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