Seongsan Ilchulbong is a volcanic edifice made when magma erupts from the water, unlike other Volcanic Cone on Jeju Island.
The hot magma that erupted during volcanic activity met with the cold seawater, and the ash became very moist and sticky, which piled up in layers.
The sedimentary layer near the sea was eroded by waves and currents, making it as steep as it is now.
At the time of its creation, it was an island away from the mainland of Jeju, but as sand and gravel were piled up around it, a road leading to the mainland was made during the ebb tide.
In 1940, roads were made here and now perfectly connected to land.
Seongsan Ilchulbong: Spectacular view of the sunrise.
When you reach the top, you can see craters measuring 80,000 pyeong(square meter) in width, and the inside is shaped like concave vessels, and grasses such as silver grass are growing.
It was named “Seongsan” because it looks like a giant castle, and “Ilchulbong” because it is a spectacular view of the sunrise.
Painful history of Seongsan Ilchulbong
The Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak also have a painful history of Jeju.
In 1943, Japanese troops dug 24 caves in the coastal cliff of Ilchulbong Peak to fortify the area.
They hid bombs and torpedoes in this cave and prepared for war, but failed to use them properly and lost.
The cave was later used as a dressing room for female diver.
The best among 10 picturesque place of Jeju island
The steep stairway to the top of Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak is a bit hard, but it takes as long as 20 minutes to reach the top.
At the top, the spacious crater and the view of the sea that stretches behind it gives a magnificent feeling that is totally different from the other Volcanic Cone of Jeju.
Since ancient times, the sunrise from the top of the mountain was considered the best among 10 Jeju-Yeongju(picturesque place of Jeju), and the Seongsan Ilchulje Festival is held on December 31 every year.
UNESCO World Natural Heritage & UNESCO World Geopark
Seongsan Ilchulbong was designated as a natural monument on July 19, 2000 and was registered as a UNESCO World Natural Heritage on July 2, 2007 in recognition of its outstanding scenery and geological value.
It was also certified as UNESCO World Geopark in October 2010, and was selected as Korea’s top tourist attraction for natural ecology in 2011 and the 12th Guinness Book of Korean Tourism in December 2012.
First Monday of every month
* Visitors must purchase tickets at least 20 minutes in advance before closing time.
Individuals – Adults 5,000 won / Teenagers & Children 2,500 won
Groups – Adults 4,000 won / Teenagers & Children 2,000 won
Seniors 65 years and older, children 6 years and younger: Free (ID required)
* Groups: 10 people or more
* Adults (ages 25-64), Teenagers (ages 13-24), Children (ages 7-12)