Food eaten in accordance with the changes of seasons and solar term
In Korea, where four seasons are distinct, there are many holidays according to the season. On such days as the Lunar New Year’s Day and Chuseok, Korea’s representative holidays, we had meaningful events and games such as ancestral rites and farming rites, and we made special foods out of ingredients in the season to avoid misfortune.
And make food with materials that come out according to the four seasons.
For example, if mugwort and fatsia are on the table, spring is coming.
Because it’s the first plant that comes up in spring. In addition, we enjoy springtime at various vegetable side dishes. Also, when pine mushroom is served as a side dish, you can see that it’s autumn. pine mushroom is a food ingredient in fall season. Gizzards is also a seasonal food in autumn.
This food custom is the unique dietary culture of Korea, which was formed naturally during the four seasons along with nature.
Reflecting the geographical and seasonal characteristics of Korea: solar terms culture of agricultural society in korea
Seasonal food is a unique custom that shows how important 24 solar terms were for successful farming in Korea.
Let’s take a look at the Lunar New Year’s Day, Chuseok, and other important foods.
the beginning of a year
The Lunar New Year’s Day, which means the beginning of the year, has a great reverence. The representative foods of the Lunar New Year are sechan and rice cake soup.
Sechan refers to the New Year’s celebration table and food and drink for guests who have come to do New Year’s bow.
Tteokguk(Rice cakes soup) is a food that is boiled in Jangguk. Usually, it is used in sliced white rice cakes, but it also uses rice cakes that are unique to different regions. For example, in Gaeseong, they use a silkworm-shaped Zorangi Tteok, and in Chungcheong-do or Jeolla-do, they use raw rice cakes made by ripening rice powder. In Korea, people say that we gain 1 years-old when we eat rice cake soup on New Year’s Day. This can be understood as the symbolism of eating food on the day that the year begins anew.
Jeongwol Daeboreum, a symbol of brightness that repels darkness and disease.
The light of the moon on the fifteenth of lunar January symbolizes the brightness of darkness and disease. Thus, various rituals were held to pray to the village’s guardian deities to get out of disease and disaster and fly the year in good health.
The representative foods of Daeboreum are ogokbap, bureum, gwibalgisul, and Muguennamul.
Ogokbap is a mixed rice made of five grains, while the Muguennamul are made of nine kinds of vegetables, including balloon flower roots, shiitake, and bean sprouts. The custom of burum is to bite chestnuts, walnuts, pine nuts, and ginkgo nut in the morning of the fifteenth of lunar January and throw them away, so there is a theory that this will keep them healthy and healthy throughout the year.
Gwibalgisul is a cold rice wine, which makes his ears are bright. So people drank a glass of Gwibalgisul every morning on Daeboreum.
Chuseok is a holiday rich with fresh fruits and grains.
As the harvest of the new crops and fruits begins, the family is first served with freshly harvested ingredients. We made a variety of foods with fresh fruits and fresh grains. The representative foods are songpyeon and tarotang.
Songpyun is a rice cake made of newly harvested rice and is steamed rice cake with pine needles in it. Torantang is a clear soup that is boiled with taro, a seasonal ingredient, in beef stock.
The day the summer heat begins, Dano
Dano is the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, when the summer usually begins. Typical foods include Surichutteok, a Korean rice cake, and Jehoetang.
JehoTang was made in the royal court and served only to the royal family. The Surichutteok is a rice cake made by cooking rice flour blanching the leaves with boiling water. Because it looks like wheelbarrow, we call this whellbaroow rice cake.
The longest night of the year, Dongji
Dongji is the shortest day of the year and the longest night. Dongji was also an important festival because the days were getting longer and longer from the beginning of the this day.
The representative food of Dongji is red bean porridge. It is said that if you boil red bean porridge on Dongji day, you will be the first to have Dongji’s ancestral rites at the shrine and spray it on the gate or the outer wall to expel evil spirits and then eat this with your family.
It is said to be a unique custom of dongji day to make small dumpling in red-bean gruel with glutinous rice, each of which is put at his or her age inside the red bean porridge.