Ecological Capital, Suncheon
In SuncheonBay Wetland, a complete coastal wetland of natural and human beings, a natural monument of black cranes flies in the sky, and endless mudflats and reeds welcome you.
In the city center, the first-class water stream flows, Gwangju, Jeonnam’s drinking water source and Honam’s milky way, Juamho lake, and Suncheon-beauty rice, grown on eco-friendly soil, are a happy home to eat.
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* Observatory night opening until 22:00 (Last admission 30 min before program starts)
(Closed the following day in the case of Monday being a public holiday)
* Closed day applies to facilities; park remains open
Coastal wetland Suncheonman Bay
SuncheonBay Wetland is located in the center of the south coast of Korea. This pot-shaped bay is surrounded by the Yeosu and Goheung peninsula, which stretch north and south.
Suncheon Bay, a coastal wetland, has various topography such as the mouth of a river, reed fields, salt marshes, tidal flats, and islands. Nearby lands are adjacent to paddy fields, salt fields, seaside villages, farms, low hills, and mountains.
The various natural spaces that make up Suncheon Bay naturally lead to rivers and streams, taking care of each other and forming an ecosystem.
The wide open mudflats and low mountains are a unique feature of Suncheonman Bay mudflats, which are rarely seen anywhere else in the world.
You can feel both ecosystem-type diversity and biodiversity diversity in one small area. With its natural coastline remaining intact, Suncheon Bay has become one of the most scenic and biodiversity-rich places in Korea.
The discovery and preservation of Suncheon Bay’s ecological value was possible because of the efforts of local residents, civic groups and Suncheon City, which have worked for more than 10 years since the late 1990s. The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries designated the area as a wetland protection area on December 31, 2000 and was the first coastal wetland to be registered in the Ramsar Convention on January 20, 2006.
The total area of tidal flats exposed at low tide reaches 12 square kilometers, and the area of total tidal flats is 22.6 square kilometers.
The total area of mudflats revealed in Ganjoshi covers 12 square kilometers, and the total area is 22.6 square kilometers.
Also, from the confluence point of Suncheon’s Dongcheon and Isacheon Stream, to the front of Suncheonman Bay’s mudflats, there is a huge cluster of reeds covering a total area of 5.4 square kilometers.
Clear rivers and healthy mudflats
There is always a clear river in Suncheonman Bay. Mudflat life is fed a organic food from land through streams. The mouth of the river is not blocked by a dam, and the estuary and downstream areas form a semi-salt water area.
The terrace land on the river have broad reeds. And in the river estuary, reeds are growing little by little every year, forming a unique circular shape.
Suncheonman Bay is as calm as a lake surrounded by the Goheung Peninsula and Yeosu peninsula. These natural and topographical factors are mainly responsible for the formation of mudflat.
In the past, before the Sangsa dam was formed, it was abundant in the sand with abundant flow rate, but the amount of water flowing through the dam construction was reduced, so it was changed into a terrain rich in wetlands and reeds.
Beautiful Suncheon Bay Yongsan mountain
The S-shaped waterway, a representative view of Suncheonman Bay, can be seen from Yongsan Observatory. If you cross Mujin Bridge from Daedaepo-gu and follow the reed-mokdo, you will find a way to go up to Yongsan mountain.
Mountain stems look like a lying on the dragon, and there are several ridges. Climbing the Yongsan Observatory overlooking the Suncheon Bay mudflats, you can see the mountains, reeds and mudflats as the eyes of birds.
At high tide, you can see waterbirds gathering at the highest point of the mud flat that waits for water to sink. At low tide, they glide down to the mud flat along the receding sea water.